Thì quá khứ hoàn thành trong Tiếng Anh

Thì quá khứ hoàn thành

Chúng ta sẽ cùng bắt đầu với Thì quá khứ hoàn thành trong tiếng Anh (Past Perfect) nhé. Dưới đây sẽ là tổng hợp những kiến thức cơ bản về cấu trúc, cách dùng, dấu hiệu nhận biết và bài tập mẫu có đáp án để các bạn có thể tự mình kiểm tra kiến thức của mình về loại thì này.

Thì quá khứ hoàn thành (Past Perfect)

Cấu trúc: – Thể khẳng định: S + had + Past Participle (V3) + O – Thể phủ định: S+ hadn’t+ Past Participle + O – Thể nghi vấn: Had+S+ Past Participle + O? Dấu hiệu nhận biết khi xuất hiện các từ: after, before, as soon as, by the time, when, already, just, since, for…. Cách dùng: Thì quá khứ hoàn thành trong tiếng Anh diễn tả 1 hành động đã xảy ra và kết thúc trong quá khứ, trước 1 hành động khác cũng xảy ra và kết thúc trong quá khứ. Ví dụ: When I came, he had gone to bed (Khi tôi đến thì anh ta đã đi ngủ rồi). ==> Xem thêm: Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn trong tiếng Anh

Thì quá khứ hoàn thành
Thì quá khứ hoàn thành trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập Thì quá khứ hoàn thành có đáp án

– Bài tập 1: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc. 1. They (come) …… back home after they (finish)…… their work. 2. She said that she ( meet) …… Mr. Bean before. 3. Before he (go) …… to bed, he (read) …… a novel. 4. He told me he (not/wear) …… such kind of clothes before. 5. When I came to the stadium, the match (start) ……. – Bài tập 2: Viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa không đổi sử dụng từ gợi ý cho sẵn. 1. David had gone home before we arrived. – After ……………………………………………………………………………………. 2. We had lunch then we took a look around the shops. – Before ……………………………………………………………………………………. 3. The light had gone out before we got out of the office. – When……………………………………………………………………………………. Đáp án: – Bài tập 1: 1. came – had finished (Họ về nhà sau khi họ hoàn thành công việc.) 2. had met ( Cô ấy nói rằng trước đây cô ấy đã từng gặp Mr. Bean.) 3. went – had read (Trước khi anh ấy đi ngủ, anh ấy đã đọc một cuốn tiểu thuyết.) 4. hadn’t worn (Anh ấy nói với tôi rằng trước đây anh ấy chưa từng mặc loại quần áo như thế.) 5. had started (Khi tôi tới sân vận động, trận đấu đã bắt đầu.) – Bài tập 2: 1. After David had gone home, we arrived. (Sau khi David về nhà, chúng tôi tới.) 2. Before we took a look around the shops, we had had lunch. (Trước khi chúng tôi đi xem xung quanh các của hàng, chúng tôi đã ăn trưa rồi.) 3. When we got out of the office, the flight had gone out.(Lúc chúng tôi rời khỏi văn phòng thì đèn đã bị tắt trước đó rồi.) Việc dạy con học Thì quá khứ hoàn thành trong tiếng Anh không quá khó. Bố mẹ có thể học cùng con thông qua rất nhiều các tài liệu tiếng Anh. Học tiếng Anh cần sự kiên trì, vì vậy bố mẹ hãy tạo ra những phương pháp học mới mẻ để kích thích niềm đam mê tiếng Anh trong bé. Các phụ huynh có thể sử dụng các trò chơi kèm theo những món quà nhỏ hay lời khen ngợi chắc chắn sẽ rất tuyệt vời.

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