Thì quá khứ đơn trong tiếng Anh

thì quá khứ đơn

Hôm nay chúng ta sẽ cùng nhau học về Thì quá khứ đơn trong tiếng Anh nhé. Dưới đây sẽ là những kiến thức về cấu trúc ngữ pháp, dấu hiệu và cách dùng được tổng hợp một cách khoa học. Ngoài ra, phần cuối sẽ có bài tập mẫu kèm đáp án để bạn có thể tự kiểm tra kiến thức của bản thân.

Thì quá khứ đơn trong tiếng Anh (Simple Past)

Cấu trúc với động từ thường

– Thể khẳng định: S + V_ed + O – Thể phủ định: S + DID+ NOT + V + O – Thể nghi vấn: DID + S+ V+ O ?

Cấu trúc với động từ Tobe

– Thể khẳng định: S + WAS/WERE + O – Thể phủ định: S+ WAS/ WERE + NOT + O – Thể nghi vấn: WAS/WERE + S+ O ?

Dấu hiệu nhận biết khi xuất hiện các từ: las month, last year, yesterday, yesterday morning, last week, last night.

Cách dùng thì quá khứ đơn trong tiếng Anh: Thì quá khứ đơn diễn tả hành động đã xảy ra và kết thúc trong quá khứ với thời gian xác định.

==> Xem thêm: Thì hiện tại đơn trong tiếng Anh

thì quá khứ đơn
Thì quá khứ đơn trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập 1: Hoàn thành câu sau đúng dạng thì quá khứ đơn

1. It/ be/ cloudy/ yesterday. 2. In 1990/ we/ move/ to another city. 3. When/ you/ get/ the first gift? 4. She/ not/ go/ to the church/ five days ago. 5. How/ be/ he/ yesterday?

Đáp án bài 1:

1. It was cloudy yesterday. 2. In 1990, we moved to another city.|In 1990 we moved to another city. 3. When did you get the first gift? 4. She did not go to the church five days ago.|She didn’t go to the church five days ago. 5. How was he yesterday?

Bài tập 2: Chia động trong ngoặc đúng dạng thì quá khứ đơn

Snow White was the daughter of a beautiful queen, who died when the girl (be)1……….. young. Her father (marry)2………….again, but the girl’s stepmother was very jealous of her because she was so beautiful. The evil queen (order)3………….a hunter to kill Snow White but he couldn’t do it because she was so lovely. He (chase)4………….her away instead, and she (take)5………….refuge with seven dwarfs in their house in the forest. She (live)6………….with the dwarfs and took care of them and they (love)7………….her dearly. Then one day the talking mirror (tell)8………….the evil queen that Snow White was still alive. She (change)9………….herself into a witch and (make)10………….a poisoned apple. She (go)11………….to the dwarfs’ house disguised as an old woman and tempted Snow White to eat the poisoned apple, which (put)12………….her into an everlasting sleep. Finally, a prince (find)13………….her in the glass coffin where the dwarfs had put her and woke her up with a kiss. Snow White and the prince (be)14………….married and lived happily ever after.

Đáp án bài 2:

Snow White was the daughter of a beautiful queen, who died when the girl (be)1–> was young. Her father (marry)2–> married again, but the girl’s stepmother was very jealous of her because she was so beautiful. The evil queen (order)3–> ordered a hunter to kill Snow White but he couldn’t do it because she was so lovely. He (chase)4–> chased her away instead, and she (take)5–> took refuge with seven dwarfs in their house in the forest. She (live)6–> lived with the dwarfs and took care of them and they (love)7–> loved her dearly. Then one day the talking mirror (tell)8–> told the evil queen that Snow White was still alive. She (change)9–> changed herself into a witch and (make)10–> made a poisoned apple. She (go)11–> went to the dwarfs’ house disguised as an old woman and tempted Snow White to eat the poisoned apple, which (put)12–> put her into an everlasting sleep. Finally, a prince (find)13–> found her in the glass coffin where the dwarfs had put her and woke her up with a kiss. Snow White and the prince (be)14–> were married and lived happily ever after.

Trên đây là những kiến thức cơ bản nhất về thì quá khứ đơn trong tiếng Anh. Có rất nhiều những cuốn sách cho bé hay về tiếng Anh mà các mẹ có thể tìm mua cho con. Cùng bé học tập sẽ giúp bé thành công mai sau.

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